Periodontal disease, or gum disease, affects approximately 60 percent of the population, with over 10 percent being severe and advanced. The most affected age group ranges from 35 to 44 years, and females are more affected than males. Unlike gingivitis, which affects only the gingival tissue, periodontitis also involves the bone that hold the teeth. Treatment for this problem depends of the stage and severity of disease.
Stop the inflammation and permanently maintain the tissue supporting the tooth; these are the two main goals. However, when it comes to any periodontal disease treatment naples fl dentists say it really comes down to if periodontitis is detected early. There are different phases of treating oral diseases. Dentists will start with the most basic phase and they move forward until the disease is under control.
First, the dentist begins periodontal treatment under local anesthesia by cleaning the periodontal pockets. Ultrasonic or laser devices will be used to remove soft and hard coatings, on the tooth and under the gum line, thoroughly. Thereafter, the surfaces of tooth roots are clean. If the patient keeps up with a consistent cleaning regiment, it will make it more difficult for harmful bacteria to re-appear.
Most of the inflammation can be stopped with the basic therapy. If a severe or very aggressive inflammation is present, sometimes an accompanying treatment with antibiotics is useful. These are usually taken as tablets, but may also be applied by the dentist as a gel or ointment directly into the periodontal pocket.
Surgical procedures are necessary for very deep periodontal pockets, in the absence of improvement after basic therapy, and in the reconstruction of lost tissue. For particularly deep and inaccessible gum pockets, cleaning is done under local anesthesia by opening up the gums to get access to the pockets. If a lot of connective tissue or even bone has been destroyed by a long-lasting or very aggressive periodontitis, the support for the teeth must be rebuilt. This is done through various treatment options, like bone replacement and tissue regeneration therapy.
When There’s Severe Periodontal Disease That Causes Loss Of Bone
In the case of a severe regression of the bone, this can be at least partially built up by the transplantation of the body’s own bone material. For this purpose, bone is usually removed from the posterior region of the jaw in a small procedure, and transplanted into the pockets, also known as bone grafting. Dentists point out although complete regeneration is not possible today, both methods can improve bone structure. Periodontitis is a chronic disease. Anyone who once had it, has to do long-term aftercare. Consistent oral hygiene, check-ups by the dentist and regular professional teeth cleaning – if necessary, several times a year – are of central importance. It’s vital the patient see a professional on a routine basis because once tooth roots are open the teeth will become sensitive and particularly susceptible to tooth decay.